However, the opposite results were obtained when the Flynn-Wall-Ozawa method was used. That was because the Doyle approximation stands correct as the conversion degree is from 5% to 20%. The effects of SiO(2) and DDP on the PET thermal degradation were lower in nitrogen than in air. (C) 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 122: 1993-2003, 2011″
“In this paper various methods for studying p-n junctions in thin film solar cells are applied with the aim to localize and investigate defects
on a microscopic scale. Different electron and ion beam characterization GSK2879552 manufacturer methods are introduced to determine the p-n junction position using two different examples from crystalline silicon on glass thin film technology. In a first example, planview and cross section electron beam induced current measurements revealed that oxygen rich columnar growth at textured substrates strongly disturbs the p-n junction. In a second example, diffusion from glass substrate is identified by ToF-SIMS to influence the electrical and structural characteristics of the thin Si layer resulting in a modified p-n junction. A model describing the formation of both defect structures is introduced. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi: 10.1063/1.3573391]“
“The almost universal finding of osteopenia in Gaucher disease and the unpredictable advent of avascular necrosis
and/or pathological fractures are clinically relevant PF-6463922 issues that are not necessarily signaling pathway reversed by specific enzyme replacement therapy (ERT). However, genetic/epigenetic factors may explain variance for bone mineral density (BMD) in the normal population. Among the candidate genes, vitamin D receptor (VDR) polymorphisms have been correlated with BMD at the lumbar spine (LS) and femoral neck (FN) and/or fracture risk in various populations. Helsinki Committee approval was received. DNA samples
from 15 healthy individuals and 83 non-neuronopathic adult patients with recent BMD data at LS and FN were tested for VDR polymorphisms FokI, ApaI, TaqI, and BsmI. Chi-square, Fisher’s exact, analysis of variance (ANOVA), Scheffe post hoc, and non-parametric Kruskal-Wallis ANOVA were applied as appropriate. P values < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. There were no significant differences between patients and controls in frequency of any of polymorphic genotypes. The ApaI and BsmI genotypes were correlated with the N370S/N370S Gaucher genotype (p = 0.029, and p = 0.061, respectively). There was a correlation between the BsmI genotype and skeletal involvement (p = 0.018) and a trend to significance with Z scores at LS (p = 0.084). There was a statistically significant correlation between the Taq1 variants and BMD at the FN (p = 0.030) with the TT variant associated with lower BMD. As in other populations, VDR polymorphic genotype may be an independently sorting modifier in the prediction of BMD and bone involvement in Gaucher disease.