The AWC method is used to provide 3-dimensional atmospheric information from the GPV-MSM data matching those for the days of the selected JERS-1 interferometry pairs over the Nobi Plain, days when detailed upper level meteorological data are available. In the following, data sets and the analysis method are described in Section 2, research results and discussions are given in Sections 3 and 4, respectively, followed by concluding remarks in Section 5.2.?Data Sets and Analysis Method2.1. Ground Level DataFor our ground subsidence analyses, we use ground level data from surveys conducted on annual basis over the Nobi Plain since 1971 by the Land Subsidence Survey Committees of the three Prefectures (Aichi, Gifu and Mie) in the Tokai Region, at approxi
Physical health is usually assessed according to some health-related fitness components, like a morphological component, a muscular component, a motor component, a cardiorespiratory component and a metabolic component [1,2].
Among these components, the assessment of muscular components provides health information about muscles or muscle groups. The conventional muscular assessment, which is the essential requirement for the diagnosis of musculoskeletal disorders in rehabilitation and sports medicine, includes muscle strength, muscular endurance and explosive strength. Although flexibility is not categorized as a muscular component, it provides the physiological information about muscles and is another health index specifically designed for athletic performance and the capacity to carry out the daily activities.
As muscular flexibility is an important aspect of health, muscle tightness is frequently postulated as an intrinsic risk factor in the development of a common muscular dysfunction. This disorder is often accompanied by pain, muscle weakness, and restricted range of motion. Limited joint range of motion has been regarded as a predisposing factor in a number of lower limb injuries, including muscle strains, stress fractures , and patellofemoral syndrome . Maintaining normal muscle length requires regular stretching to prevent Drug_discovery muscle stiffness and benefit from the decreased risk of musculoskeletal injuries and enhance exercise performance [5,6].The typical flexibility tests, including side bending and sit and reach, are the evaluations related to whole body flexibility.
The measurement of range of motion by goniometry performed around a joint center and surrounding body segments provides the regional flexibility. The calf muscle flexibility test is a simple indirect flexibility test, which usually requires a ruler or tape measure. The procedure is to ask a subject to stand flat footed the maximum distance away from the wall and also be able to bend the knee to touch the wall. The maximum distance from toe to the wall is the calf muscle flexibility.