VAS measurement of asthma symptoms was useful in predicting level

VAS measurement of asthma symptoms was useful in predicting levels of GINA-defined control categories (the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve ranging from 0.704 to 0.837). Patients with “”controlled,”" “” partly controlled,”" and “”uncontrolled”" asthma were discriminated by VAS levels (1.50, 4.79, and 7.19). Similar results have been obtained with self-and physician-administered questionnaires showing the validity of results. Conclusion. Measurement of VAS levels is able to discriminate between patients with “” controlled,”" “” partly controlled,”" and “”uncontrolled”" asthma. The VAS score could be a simple guide in clinical situations requiring daily or regular evaluation of

asthma control.”
“Cell suspension cultures of Cephalotaxus fortunei were manipulated to produce secondary metabolites of pharmaceutical interest. Seven abietane 17DMAG cell line diterpenoids (six known and one new) were produced by the suspension-cultured C. fortunei cells by complementing an elicitation strategy with an in situ product removal strategy. Based on the results of spectrometric analysis, the structure of the new compound was determined to be 20(10 -> 5)-abeo-4,5-seco-5(10), 6,8,11,13-abietapentaene-3-one (1). The six known compounds were identified as 12-hydroxyabieta-6,8,11,13-tetraene-3-one (2), abieta-8,11,13-triene-3 beta, 12-diol (hinokiol) (3), abietatriene-3 beta-ol (4), 11,12-dihydroxy-8,11,13-abietatriene-3,7-dione (5), 11-hydroxy-12-methoxyabieta-8,11,13-triene-3,7-dione

selleck compound (6), and 3 beta, 11-dihydroxy-12-methoxyabieta-8,11,13- triene-7-one (7). This is the first time that diterpenoids have been isolated

and identified from this pharmaceutically important plant. These results suggest that the strategies we applied were effective methods for synthesizing abietane diterpenoids via a suspension culture of C. fortunei cells. (C) 2011 Phytochemical Society of Europe. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“Purpose of review

Preclinical studies have elucidated molecular pathways by which specific classes of antihypertensive agents may promote, or protect, against tumor development and progression. Observational studies have proposed an association between antihypertensive agents and cancer, but due to limitations inherent to their study design cannot alone establish causality. Moreover, prospective randomized clinical trials (RCT) of antihypertensive agents have focused on cardiovascular and renal outcomes, rather than incidence of new cancer, making inference from RCTs problematic. The purpose of this review was to highlight the classes of medications implicated in increased cancer risk, with a focus on angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) therapy, as recent published data surrounding their use remains the most controversial.

Recent findings

A recent meta-analysis of RCTs found a significant increase in the risk of cancer with ARBs when compared with control, eliciting a safety review by the Food and Drug Administration.

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