These qualities may make it a preferred technique as OCT imaging speed continues to improve. Finally,
our work motivates the development of more general parametric estimators based on statistical models of decorrelation noise.”
“This study aimed to investigate the role of p53 in early human development by screening patients with recurrent miscarriages (RM) for mutations in the p53 gene and by studying p53 expression in placental tissue. A total of 46 women with RM and 191 control women were included in the study. A sample was also obtained from 40 male partners of RM patients. The samples were screened for p53 sequence variations using denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography, sequencing and allelespecific polymerase chain reaction. Placental tissue was available from 19 miscarriages.
p53 expression in placental tissue was studied by immunohistochemical S3I-201 chemical structure staining. The C11992A polymorphism in p53 was found to be associated with RM in Finnish patients. The C/A or A/A genotype was detected in 32.6% of the women with RM and in 18.9% of the controls (P = 0.0414, odds ratio 2.083, confidence interval 1.018-4.259). The results suggest that women carrying the C/A or A/A genotype have a two-fold higher risk for RM than women with the C/C genotype. Further studies are, however, necessary to define whether the intronic polymorphism has functional consequences. The immunohistochemical staining of placental tissues revealed no abnormal p53 expression patterns in the samples studied.”
“OBJECTIVE: GANT61 To estimate the prevalence, incidence, and clearance of abnormal vaginal cytology and vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia (VAIN) Nutlin-3 in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-seropositive women.
METHODS: Pap tests were done semiannually for 335 HIV-seropositive and 75 HIV-seronegative women with prior hysterectomy in the prospective Women’s Interagency HIV Study cohort. End points included abnormal Pap test results after hysterectomy and VAIN regardless of hysterectomy.
RESULTS: Over a median of 5.6 years of follow-up, vaginal Pap test results were abnormal at 1,076 (29%;
95% confidence interval [CI] 25-33%) of 3,700 visits among HIV-seropositive compared with 31 (4%; 95% CI 2-8%) of 763 visits among HIV-seronegative women (P<.001). Abnormal Pap test results included 641 atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance, 425 low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions, and 10 high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions in HIV-seropositive women and 28 atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance and three low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions in HIV-seronegative women. The incidence of abnormal Pap test results after hysterectomy was 14 per 100 person-years among HIV-seropositive and two per 100 person-years among HIV-seronegative women (P<.001) and remained stable across time.