J Biol Inorg Chem 2008,13(2):219–228.PubMedCrossRef 113. Clamp M, Cuff J, Searle SM, Barton GJ: The Jalview Java alignment editor. Bioinformatics 2004,20(3):426–427.PubMedCrossRef 114. Waterhouse AM,
Procter JB, Martin DM, Clamp M, Barton GJ: Jalview Version 2–a multiple sequence alignment editor and analysis workbench. Bioinformatics 2009,25(9):1189–1191.PubMedCrossRef Authors’ contributions CLM and FBH jointly carried out the literature survey and designed the study. CLM and FBH retrieved, analyzed, prepared the SOR dataset (sequence, reference, ontology…) and illustrated the relational database. DT and DG performed scripts for automated data retrieval. CLM developed the original web pages and FBH proposed design improvements. DG and CLM worked www.selleckchem.com/products/riociguat-bay-63-2521.html together on the PHP code. DG conceived the synopsis computation and performed all debugging activities. CLM and FBH wrote the manuscript. FBH ARS-1620 order managed the project. GS is the [email protected] team leader and provides CLM financial support. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.”
“Background Many of the negative ecological impacts of agriculture originate from the high input of fertilizers. The increase of crop production in the future raises concerns about how to establish sustainable agriculture; that is, agricultural practices that are less adverse to the surrounding environment [1, 2]. The use PX-478 ic50 of microorganisms
capable of increasing harvests is an ecologically compatible strategy Staurosporine as it could reduce the utilization of industrial fertilizers and, therefore, their pollutant outcomes [1, 3]. Azospirillum is a well-known genus that includes bacterial species that can promote plant growth. This remarkable characteristic is attributed to a combination of mechanisms, including the biosynthesis of phytohormones and the fixation of nitrogen, the
most intensively studied abilities of these bacteria . The species Azospirillum amazonense was isolated from forage grasses and plants belonging to the Palmaceae family in Brazil by Magalhães et al. (1983) , and subsequent works demonstrated its association with rice, sorghum, maize, sugarcane, and Brachiaria, mainly in tropical countries . When compared with Azospirillum brasilense, the most frequently studied species of the genus, A. amazonense has prominent characteristics such as its ability to fix nitrogen when in the presence of nitrogen  and its better adaptations to acidic soil, the predominant soil type in Brazil [5, 8]. Moreover, Rodrigues et al. (2008)  reported that the plant growth promotion effect of A. amazonense on rice plants grown under greenhouse conditions is mainly due to its biological nitrogen fixation contribution, in contrast to the hormonal effect observed in the other Azospirillum species studied. Despite the potential use of A. amazonense as an agricultural inoculant, there is scarce knowledge of its genetics and, consequently, its physiology. Currently, the genome of A.