pylori eradication, and that incomplete-type intestinal metaplasia is a more progressive form toward gastric
carcinogenesis than complete-type intestinal metaplasia. Hyperplastic gastric polyps are considered Protease Inhibitor Library purchase to be directly related to chronic active gastritis and concomitant H. pylori infection. H. pylori eradication can lead to complete polyp regression in small hyperplastic polyps. Thus, in H. pylori-infected patients, eradication is preferred before invasive therapeutic options for those with hyperplastic gastric polyps less than 1 cm in size.49 In this retrospective study, hyperplastic polyps disappeared after eradication in 33 patients (77%), whereas those in 10 patients did not. The serum gastrin level
after Pritelivir molecular weight eradication was higher in the non-responder group. A randomized controlled study showed that most hyperplastic gastric polyps disappear after H. pylori eradication.50 Since gastric carcinomas are more likely to develop in a stomach containing hyperplastic polyps, it is recommended that additional biopsies should be obtained from the antrum and corpus to clarify the decision on whether to apply eradication as potential carcinoma prophylaxis in the presence of gastric hyperplastic polyps.51,52 H. pylori eradication improves gastric mucosal inflammatory changes around the adenoma. Eradication can therefore be considered as a treatment strategy for gastric adenomas since it may inhibit progression of gastric adenoma to carcinoma.53 During 2 years of follow up, 12.5% of the H. pylori untreated group developed an intestinal-type gastric cancer, whereas no gastric cancer was found in the treated Abiraterone group. Another study on 30 gastric adenomas showed that
adenoma can be cured by H. pylori eradication.54 In seven cases, adenomas decreased in size endoscopically after H. pylori eradication with three showing apparent remission. In addition, levels of apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease-1 (APE-1) expression in H. pylori-infected gastritis and gastric adenomas are significantly higher than in tissues from uninfected subjects.55 Eradication therapy reduced both APE-1 and 8-Hydroxy-2-deoxy guanosine expression levels in the gastric mucosa. There are people in countries with a high prevalence of gastric cancer, who desire H. pylori eradication, especially if they have a family history of gastric cancer, have been diagnosed as having East-Asian cagA type H. pylori infection, or are taking long-term medications, such as PPI or antiplatelet therapies. The prophylactic eradication of H. pylori infection may be clinically beneficial in some of these individuals. A recent Korean study on population-attributable fraction of infection-related cancer showed that up to one-quarter of cancer cases and deaths would be preventable through control of infectious agents.56 In addition, there is growing evidence that H.