Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Background: The ventilatory threshold (VT) is usually determined by visual assessment of the point where the rate of elimination of carbon dioxide (VCO(2)) increases nonlinearly with respect to oxygen uptake (VO(2)) (the V-Slope method). We quantified the reliability of VT determination using data from a multicenter study in patients with heart failure.
Methods and Results: The Fix-Heart Failure-5 study of cardiac contractility modulation enrolled 428 patients from 50 centers in the United States. Cardiopulmonary
exercise tests were performed at baseline and 12, 24, and 50 weeks AZD6244 order after randomization, which provided 1679 tests. The VT was determined from each test in a core laboratory by 2 independent readers. VT could not be determined for 276 tests (16.4% indeterminate). Inter-observer variability (quantified by the 95% limits of agreement, LoA, expressed as a percent of the mean value) was check details 20.2% between the 2 readers, with a coefficient of variation (CV)
of 7.3%. Intra-observer variability was assessed by resubmitting (blinded) 179 tests to the same readers; the LoA was 24.7% for reader 1 and 16.9% for reader 2, with CVs of 6.1 and 8.9%, respectively. Ninety-one tests were submitted to 2 additional readers at a second core lab. Inter-observer variability in the second lab was 26.7% with a CV of 9.6%. Inter-laboratory variability was 21.4%, with a CV of 7.7%.
Conclusions: Inter-observer, intra-observer. and inter-site variation in determining the VT should
be considered when using the VT as an end point in clinical trials of heart failure. (I Cardiac Fail 2010:16:76-83)”
“Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate occlusion rates of great saphenous veins (GSV) with a diameter between 5-10 mm that received a pre-treatment size reduction via perivenous tumescent application (TA) followed by catheter-directed foam sclerotherapy (CDFS).
Methods: A prospective PS-341 nmr blinded randomized clinical trial comparing the occlusion rates of GSV at 1-, 6-, and 12-month follow-up. Fifty patients were included and randomized into two groups. CDFS was performed accessing the GSV at knee level and applying 8 mL of 2% polidocanol-foam (Easy Foam) while the catheter was withdrawn. Strictly perivenous TA was performed in group 1 before applying the sclerosant agent. Occlusion rates and clinical scores were assessed by blinded examiners.
Results: After 12 months in group 1 full occlusion was achieved in 73.9%, partial occlusion in 8.7%, and 17.4% were classified as treatment failure. In group 2, 75% of the targeted GSV were fully occluded, 20% were partially occluded, and 5% were diagnosed as treatment failure. Both groups showed a significant reduction of the vein diameter. Patient’s tolerance and satisfaction with the treatment was high in both groups.
Conclusion: No benefit could be found using additional TA to reduce the vein diameter before the treatment.